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Types of Electrical Circuit Designs

When you first start planning on building your home, you might be wondering about a lot of things. After all, you're building and investing in a place you might definitely stay in for practically your entire life.

You’ll start wondering about some technicalities like designs and layouts. You’ll start thinking about the cost and the time frame for building it. Moreover, your builders and constructors will start mentioning some things like electrical systems.

This might seem a bit complicated. However, as an important part of your home, it is noteworthy to know, as some circumstances might happen. Words can get thrown a lot in conversations such as circuits and breakers and currents. As such, it is important to get to know these terms, most especially terms like electrical circuit design. What exactly is an electrical circuit design and what types are available for you?

In definition, Electrical Circuit Design is the process of designing and placing electrical components in which a current can flow. These are the types of electrical circuit you can find in your home:

Series Circuit

A series circuit means that there is only one flow of electricity in the circuit. The current only travels one path from the source of power. As such, for your home, readings on a series circuit are the same all throughout. It doesn’t change or lessen in any way once it passes through different components of the circuit design. It only stops working when there is damage in a component in the circuit.

For more visual examples, for instance, your lights are in a series circuit, if one bulb gets broken, then the succeeding lightbulbs will not light up. This is because the path that the electricity travels was damaged and as such, it stops travelling through resulting in proceeding lights not working.  Some examples of things in your home that have a series circuit are lamps and refrigerators.

Parallel Circuit

A parallel circuit, on the other hand, isn’t locked to one path. There is more than one path that the current can flow through. As such, for circuits with this design, the electricity starts from the source and branches out to the different paths or wires. For this, if one of the branches is damaged, the others still function well enough. It doesn’t affect the other parts of the circuit.

For your home, examples of parallel circuit design applications include these: lighting fixtures at home and most electrical outlets. If one of your lightbulbs in the lighting fixture blows out, the others still continue functioning as before. If you use your electrical outlets, unplugging one device won’t turn off the others that are using the same circuit breaker.

Series-Parallel Circuit

The third one is a combination of the two circuits which is the Series-Parallel Circuit. Circuits with this design have one path at first and then branch out into a parallel afterwards. Parallel paths are inside the series circuit. As such, different rules apply to this kind of hybrid circuit.

Circuit designs of your entire household can function in a series-parallel connection. There are different parts of your home that require different circuits and paths for electricity, as such combinations of the circuits are always seen functioning simultaneously all throughout.


Electrical systems in your home should be a priority and assured with a guarantee. After all, most of the things in your place need electricity to work. Getting impeccable electrical quality can help in managing your household well. As such, we exist to help you with this need. We are Hills District Electrician and we offer electrical services to you within the Hills District in Sydney. Our team of licensed level 2 electricians in Hills District are perfect in attending to your electrical needs.

Call us at 02 8378 2838 or send us an enquiry here at our email: hello@hillsdistrictelectrician.com.au

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